10 very useful PHP code snippets for PHP developers


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In this tutorial we are going to discuss 10 very useful PHP code snippets for PHP developers

Next are a list of 10 most valuable PHP code snippets that a PHP developer will require at any point in his rush. A small number of the snippets are divided from my projects and few have brought from helpful PHP websites from the internet.

1. Send E-Mail using mail function in PHP

$to = "viralpatel.net@gmail.com";
$subject = "VIRALPATEL.net";
$body = "Body of your message here you can use HTML too. e.g. <br> <b> Bold </b>";
$headers = "From: Peter\r\n";
$headers .= "Reply-To: info@yoursite.com\r\n";
$headers .= "Return-Path: info@yoursite.com\r\n";
$headers .= "X-Mailer: PHP5\n";
$headers .= 'MIME-Version: 1.0' . "\n";
$headers .= 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1' . "\r\n";
mail($to,$subject,$body,$headers);
?> 

2. Base64 Encode and Decode String in PHP

function base64url_encode($plainText) {
	$base64 = base64_encode($plainText);
	$base64url = strtr($base64, '+/=', '-_,');
	return $base64url;
}

function base64url_decode($plainText) {
	$base64url = strtr($plainText, '-_,', '+/=');
	$base64 = base64_decode($base64url);
	return $base64;
} 

3. Get Remote IP Address using PHP

function getRemoteIPAddress() {
	$ip = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
	return $ip;
}

The top code will not work in case your client is using proxy server behind. In that situation use below given function to get real IP address of clients.

function getRealIPAddr()
{
	if (!empty($_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']))   //check ip from share internet
	{
		$ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP'];
	}
	elseif (!empty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']))   //to check ip is pass from proxy
	{
		$ip=$_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'];
	}
	else
	{
		$ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
	}
	return $ip;
}

4. Email validation script in PHP

$email = $_POST['email'];
if(preg_match("~([a-zA-Z0-9!#$%&amp;'*+-/=?^_`{|}~])@([a-zA-Z0-9-]).([a-zA-Z0-9]{2,4})~",$email)) {
	echo 'This is a valid email.';
} else{
	echo 'This is an invalid email.';
} 

5. Parsing XML in simple way using PHP

you need Extension: SimpleXML

//this is a sample xml string
$xml_string="<?xml version='1.0'?>
<moleculedb>
    <molecule name='Benzine'>
        <symbol>ben</symbol>
        <code>A</code>
    </molecule>
    <molecule name='Water'>
        <symbol>h2o</symbol>
        <code>K</code>
    </molecule>
</moleculedb>";

//load the xml string using simplexml function
$xml = simplexml_load_string($xml_string);

//loop through the each node of molecule
foreach ($xml->molecule as $record)
{
   //attribute are accessted by
   echo $record['name'], '  ';
   //node are accessted by -> operator
   echo $record->symbol, '  ';
   echo $record->code, '<br />';
}

6. DB Connection in PHP

<?php
if(basename(__FILE__) == basename($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'])) send_404();
$dbHost = "localhost";        //Location Of Database usually its localhost
$dbUser = "xxxx";            //Database User Name
$dbPass = "xxxx";            //Database Password
$dbDatabase = "xxxx";       //Database Name

$db = mysql_connect("$dbHost", "$dbUser", "$dbPass") or die ("Error connecting to database.");
mysql_select_db("$dbDatabase", $db) or die ("Couldn't select the database.");

function send_404()
{
    header('HTTP/1.x 404 Not Found');
    print '<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN">'."n".
    '<html><head>'."n".
    '<title>404 Not Found</title>'."n".
    '</head><body>'."n".
    '<h1>Not Found</h1>'."n".
    '<p>The requested URL '.
    str_replace(strstr($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], '?'), '', $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']).
    ' was not found on this server.</p>'."n".
    '</body></html>'."n";
    exit;
}
# include"db.php";
?>

7. Procedure MySQL Timestamp in PHP

$query = "select UNIX_TIMESTAMP(date_field) as mydate from mytable where 1=1";
$records = mysql_query($query) or die(mysql_error());
while($row = mysql_fetch_array($records))
{
	echo $row;
} 

8. Date format validation in PHP

use Validate a date format in “YYYY-MM-DD” that way

function checkDateFormat($date)
{
	//match the format of the date
	if (preg_match ("/^([0-9]{4})-([0-9]{2})-([0-9]{2})$/", $date, $parts))
	{
		//check weather the date is valid of not
		if(checkdate($parts[2],$parts[3],$parts[1]))
			return true;
		else
		return false;
	}
	else
		return false;
}

9. Directory Listing in PHP

<?php
 
function list_files($dir)
{
	if(is_dir($dir))
  	{
  		if($handle = opendir($dir))
  		{
  			while(($file = readdir($handle)) !== false)
  			{
  				if($file != "." &amp;&amp; $file != ".." &amp;&amp; $file != "Thumbs.db"/*pesky windows, images..*/)
  				{
  					echo '<a target="_blank" href="'.$dir.$file.'">'.$file.'</a><br>'."\n";
  				}
  			}
  			closedir($handle);
  		}
	}
}

/*
To use:

10. Browser Detection script in PHP

<?php
	$useragent = $_SERVER ['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
	echo "<b>Your User Agent is</b>: " . $useragent; 
?>


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